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페르시안 프로젝트 -이란 길란지방의 고고학 조사 (Archaeological Survey of the Gilan Province, 2007~2008)
글쓴이 : 문화재연구… 날짜 : 09-04-14 19:07 조회 : 10786

Project Overview


The Iranian Caspian region becomes very crucial in understanding human migration during the Pleistocene and late prehistory since the earliest hominine presence in Eurasian continent was found in Dmanisi site, Georgia. In particular, the Gilan province is being considered as most probable area bearing early Paleolithic evidence because of favorable environment during the Pleistocene. Recent find of the Acheulean industry from the Ganji Par site in Rostam Abad can also prove to be a clue for future significant researches.

  The main objective of this project is to find well preserved Paleolithic sites in the Gilan province. More than 50 localities have been surveyed and investigated by sampling from small test pits for understanding stratigraphy. Most of the sites were limestone caves in high mountain range which was named 'Samdor valley' by the joint team. Paleolithic artefacts were found in 3 caves: Yarsalman, Malehan and Chapalak cave sites, although iron age potteries were found in most of localities. A levallois point was found and an animal mandible embedded the limestone wall was observed in the Yarsalman cave during the first campaign in 2007. Observation proves that older sediment is covered by limestone lubbles and travertine underneath present floor. We attempted to take piston core, however we could not reach to the bottom. In the Malehan cave, microlithic artefacts were found from the upper most layer, however we did not dig further down to lower levels. The Chapalak cave site is quite potential for possible multi-layered structure. The cave is situated on a cliff in a deep valley with gully forest along a steam. Cores and blades were identified among the stone artefacts collection from the upper most layer and floor of the cave. It is an interesting phenomenon that most of the Paleolithic layers in the caves were covered by Iron Age layers without any sign of Neolithic people. The area may have not been inhabited by Neolithic people due to unfavorable envirmental condition for their subsistence.

It is very clear on the basis of current evidence obtained by the Joint Project Team that mountain range of the Gilan province had been inhabited from the early Paleolithic to the Epi-Paleolithic stage during the Pleistocene. Extensive excavations in future will provide more detailed information on evolution of Paleolithic culture and hominine activities during the Pleistocene in this area. It should be also noted that settlement pattern of Iron Age people needs further researches in future.

Survey Team 

  Korean members




Bae, Kidong. Director, Professor, ICPHY

Chang, Inkyung. Senior Archaeologist, Director of Iron museum.
Lee, Hanyong. Senior Archaeologist, Manager of Archaeology Section, ICPHY
Lee, Hwajong, Korea Institute of Heritage
Lee, Chulmin,ICPHY
Yoon, Junghyun, ICPHY
Sim, Hyunchul, ICPHY 
Chung, Semi,ICPHY 
Kim, Minjung, ICPHY
Yoon, Heejin,ICPHY
Jo, Youngju, ICPHY 

 
Iranian members




Hassan Fazeli Nashli,Director, ICAR, Tehran Univ.
Bagaryn Mohamad Raza, GCHHTO
Jahani Vali, GCHHTO
Abolfazl Chagini, GCHHTO
Kiyomars Nazariy Barehsary, GCHHTO
Pul Hassan, GCHHTO
Hamed Vahdati Nasab, Ph.D, Tarbiat Modaress Univ.
Rohmat Naderi
Nasim Jamshidi, Tarbiat Modaress Univ.


Cave Sites

Malehan A cave
Altitude : 810m
GPS location : N36°48′05.0″ E49°40′31.7″
Artefacts : Upper Paleolithic stone tools, Iron Age potteries




Chapalak cave
Altitude : 1258m
GPS location : N36°38′13.0″ E50°03′46.1″
Artefacts : Upper Paleolithic stone tools, Iron Age potteries




Yarsalman cave
Altitude : 1742m
GPS
location : N36°46′71.1″ E50°04′47.5″
Artefacts : stone tools, bones, Iron Age potteries



Sang ab cave
Altitude : 1258m
GPS location : N36°48′54.1″ E49°39′46.0″
Artefacts : Iron Age potteries







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